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Andrei Tupolev

Andrei Tupolev

Andrei Tupolev
Andrei Tupolev was born at Pustomazovo on November 10th, 1888. In 1908 he entered the Moscow Higher Technical School and studied under Nikolai Zhukovsky, the founder of Russian aviation.

In 1922 he was appointed Chief of the Aircraft Design Bureau of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute where he produced a series of original designs for his country's first all-metal aircraft.

Over the years he produced more than one hundred designs, including the first metal low-wing, twin-engined bomber in production; the Maxim Gorky, the world's largest aircraft in 1934; and the distance record-setting ANT-25, which flew across the Arctic to America in 1937. During World War II, his team produced bombers which contributed to the final Allied victory. In the post-war era he produced the famous TU-104 and the world's first supersonic transport, the TU-144. Andrei Tupolev died in 1972.

Tupolev's academic brilliance and aerodynamic innovation led the Soviet Union and world aviation industry in the development of long-range, high speed flight.
Elected to the International Aerospace Hall of Fame 1988